Ukraine & Global Food Crisis of 2022: Mitigating Food Insecurity

MEDITERRANEAN SEA
03.04.2022
Photo by:
Petty Officer 1st Class Fred Gray IV
U.S. Naval Forces Europe-Africa/U.S. Sixth Fleet

Russia’s invasion of Ukraine set the wheels in motion for the Global Food Crisis of 2022.  As epicenters of world food, fertilizer, cooking oil, and gas production, the removal of Russian and Ukrainian exports created an enormous supply shock sending food prices soaring.  The least resilient and food insecure nations were hit the hardest.

The rise in prices prompted an increase in alternative sources of supply, but only after several difficult months.  The gap was partially filled by exhausting existing food and cash reserves as well as extending credit.  On the diplomatic front, the signing of the BSGI also proved instrumental by allowing at least a portion of blockaded food supplies to be exported.  For its part, the US government response was dramatic: extending aid, resources, and credit.  That said, with many resources exhausted, the risk of a future food crisis remains concerning.

Food supply shocks are best understood through a pricing perspective and resiliency efforts best assessed by their ability to place downward pressure on food prices.  The Food Supply Shock model provides a useful tool for planners to understand, shape and assess their actions. Rather than being proscriptive, planners can assess actions and activities based on how they can address the pricing issue, and thus open an array of creative and non-standard solutions.

Traditionally, USG efforts have relied on the Diplomatic and Development aspects of foreign policy to address food insecurity. This is understandable given the nature of the task to build resiliency in fragile states. That said, Defense has an important and underappreciated role in preparing for the next food supply shock.  It’s unique suite of defense stability tasks can provide significant downward pressure on food prices.

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Excerpt from “The Great Power Competition Volume 5” published by Springer Nature.

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WPS in the Military News Round Up: August

The August WPS in the Military News Round Up includes articles on Women, Peace and Security in Professional Military Education, integrating WPS in Security Cooperation, and a list of WPS-related events.

Note: The WPS in the Military News Round Up from PKSOI provides the U.S. Army WPS community of interest with a monthly round up of articles to raise awareness and knowledge of WPS. The articles in the WPS News Round Up are provided for your situational awareness, only, and are not endorsed by DOD, the Army, CAC, or PKSOI.

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WPS in the Military News Round Up: July

The July WPS News Round Up is out now. Highlights include articles on the Tennessee National Guard partnering with the Bulgarian Military on WPS, a look at the Department of the Air Force’s WPS Strategic Action Plan, and a short video explainer on ‘What is WPS?’ from CJTF-HOA.

Note: The WPS in the Military News Round Up from PKSOI provides the U.S. Army WPS community of interest with a monthly round up of articles to raise awareness and knowledge of WPS. The articles in the WPS News Round Up are provided for your situational awareness, only, and are not endorsed by DOD, the Army, CAC, or PKSOI.

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WPS in the Military News Round Up: June

The June WPS in the Military news round up highlights include the United States assuming the Position of Chair of the NATO Committee on Gender Perspectives; information on the Senior Enlisted Leader Women, Peace, and Security Seminar, co-hosted by SELs in U.S. SOUTHCOM and the Colombian Military Forces; and CENTCOM’s Women, Peace, and Security program explained in 15 minutes.

Note: The WPS in the Military News Round Up from PKSOI provides the U.S. Army WPS community of interest with a monthly round up of articles to raise awareness and knowledge of WPS. The articles in the WPS News Round Up are provided for your situational awareness, only, and are not endorsed by DOD, the Army, CAC, or PKSOI.

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The Energy War: How Europe Turned the Tables on Russia

This paper addresses the weaponization of energy supplies by Russia to achieve economic, political, and military objectives and Europe’s subsequent and effective parry and riposte of Russia’s efforts.

BALTIC SEA
03.27.2023
Photo by Petty Officer 2nd Class Sawyer Connally
U.S. Naval Forces Europe-Africa/U.S. Sixth Fleet

The Energy War: How Europe Turned the Tables on Russia will be included as a chapter in the upcoming book “The Great Power Competition Volume 5” published by Springer Nature.

To read or download this paper click on the links below.

Excerpt from “The Great Power Competition Volume 5” published by Springer Nature.

To access this publication by Springer Nature Click Here

WPS in the Military News Round Up: May

The May WPS in the Military news round up is out this week! Highlights include information on the first ever U.S. Army Operationalizing Women, Peace and Security 100 course, being hosted in late May at Fort Leavenworth, KS, by CAC, ArmyU, and PKSOI; as well as articles on WPS work by the 1st and 54th Security Force Assistance Brigades (SFAB); and the first woman to serve as the senior enlisted leader of U.S. Army Special Operation Command (USASOC).

Note: The WPS in the Military News Round Up from PKSOI provides the U.S. Army WPS community of interest with a monthly round up of articles to raise awareness and knowledge of WPS. The articles in the WPS News Round Up are provided for your situational awareness, only, and are not endorsed by DOD, the Army, CAC, or PKSOI.

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WPS in the Military News Round Up: April

The Women, Peace and Security in the Military News Round Up for April is out now. Highlights include articles on applying a gender perspective to space portfolios, cyber security, and the military recruiting crisis. Stay updated on the latest WPS news at the link below.

Note: The WPS in the Military News Round Up from PKSOI provides the U.S. Army WPS community of interest with a monthly round up of articles to raise awareness and knowledge of WPS. The articles in the WPS News Round Up are provided for your situational awareness, only, and are not endorsed by DOD, the Army, CAC, or PKSOI.

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Semi Annual Lesson Report: Protection of Civilians (POC) and Civilian Harm Mitigation & Response (CHMR)Volume II

The fighting in Ukraine, initiated a year ago by the Russian invasion, is a daily demonstration of any armed conflict’s impact on resident or neighboring populations. Russia’s war on Ukraine is certainly not the only ongoing armed conflict in the world at this time. However, its ubiquitous imagery promotes near real-time reflection of the nature of war—past, present, and future. That reflection includes a continuing review of the suitability of the laws, policies, and programs designed to protect civilians or, at the least, mitigate the harm to them.

This report (in two volumes) contains Lessons that address the physical integrity of a population. Yet it also includes Lessons connected to many—but not all—the other articulated POC/CHMR concerns regarding the what is protected? question. Volume II of this Lesson collection address other questions: Who is a civilian? and Who does the protecting and the mitigating?

The Russian war in Ukraine, among many other contemporary armed conflicts, challenges that simple definition of civilian. While theoreticians may assert that IHL/LOAC provides for every civilian status contingency, practitioners recognize that the reality of armed conflict—as demonstrated near-daily in Ukraine—complicates the matter.

This Lesson collection is not a comprehensive inventory of all topic areas included in the POC/CHMR discourse. Rather, it is intended to provide both overview and particular insights that may encourage further study. Consequently, the Lessons collected here encompass discussion points that both expand and narrow the discourse.

Click on the links below to read or download this lesson.

Semi-Annual Lesson Report: Protection of Civilians (POC) and Civilian Harm Mitigation & Response (CHMR)Volume I

The fighting in Ukraine, initiated a year ago by the Russian invasion, is a daily demonstration of any armed conflict’s impact on resident or neighboring populations. Russia’s war on Ukraine is certainly not the only ongoing armed conflict in the world at this time. However, its ubiquitous imagery promotes near real-time reflection of the nature of war—past, present, and future. That reflection includes a continuing review of the suitability of the laws, policies, and programs designed to protect civilians or, at the least, mitigate the harm to them.

Physical integrity is the aspect of protection that most observers contemplate when considering protection of civilians (POC) and/or civilian harm mitigation and response (CHMR) policies and measures. Yet physical integrity, while of obvious vital importance to a population, is only one of many POC/CHMR concerns. This report (in two volumes) contains Lessons that address the physical integrity of a population. Yet it also includes Lessons connected to many—but not all—the other articulated POC/CHMR concerns regarding the what is protected? question. The Lessons in Volume I are categorized as follows: cultural identity; infrastructure and property; information and technology; and services.

This Lesson collection is not a comprehensive inventory of all topic areas included in the POC/CHMR discourse. Rather, it is intended to provide both overview and particular insights that may encourage further study. Consequently, the Lessons collected here encompass discussion points that both expand and narrow the discourse.

Click on the links below to read or download this lesson.

WPS in the Military News Round Up: March

The Women, Peace, and Security (WPS) in the Military News Round Up for March highlights include the ARSOUTH WPS Symposium, as well as upcoming WPS events for Women’s History Month. Stay updated on the latest WPS news at the link below.

The WPS in the Military News Round Up from PKSOI provides the U.S. Army WPS community of interest with a monthly round up of articles to raise awareness and knowledge of WPS. The articles in the WPS News Round Up are provided for your situational awareness, only, and are not endorsed by DOD, the Army, CAC, or PKSOI.

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