Central African Republic Country Profile – Geography

Source: enacademic.com

From Cia Factbook (Page last updated on October 06, 2020)

Location: Central Africa, north of Democratic Republic of the Congo


  • total: 622,984 sq km
  • land: 622,984 sq km
  • water: 0 sq km

Land boundaries:

  • total: 5,920 km
  • border countries (6): Cameroon 901 km, Chad 1556 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 1747 km, Republic of the Congo 487 km, South Sudan 1055 km, Sudan 174 km

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

Climate: tropical; hot, dry winters; mild to hot, wet summers

Terrain: vast, flat to rolling plateau; scattered hills in northeast and southwest


  • mean elevation: 635 m
  • lowest point: Oubangui River 335 m
  • highest point: Mont Ngaoui 1,410 m

Natural resources: diamonds, uranium, timber, gold, oil, hydropower

Land use:

  • agricultural land: 8.1% (2011 est.) – arable land: 2.9% (2011 est.) / permanent crops: 0.1% (2011 est.) / permanent pasture: 5.1% (2011 est.)
  • forest: 36.2% (2011 est.)
  • other: 55.7% (2011 est.)
  • irrigated land: 10 sq km (2012)

Population distribution: majority of residents live in the western and central areas of the country, especially in and around the capital of Bangui.

Natural hazards: hot, dry, dusty harmattan winds affect northern areas; floods are common

Environment – current issues: water pollution; tap water is not potable; poaching and mismanagement have diminished the country’s reputation as one of the last great wildlife refuges; desertification; deforestation; soil erosion.

Other sources about Central African Republic Geography

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