2017 PSOTEW Outbrief Slides


The 2017 Peace and Stability Operations Training and Education Workshop (PSOTEW)

The Peacekeeping and Stability Operation Institute (PKSOI) is pleased to announce the 2017 Peace and Stability Operations Training and Education Workshop (PSOTEW) where we'll share best practices and work through identified challenges while building community relationships, sharing tools and methodologies, and increasing awareness among stakeholders. This year's workshop is April 5-7, 2017 and will be held at Johns Hopkins University, Montgomery Campus in Rockville, Maryland.

2017 Overall Workshop Theme: "Preparing Leaders to Thrive in a Complex World"

Concept: Bring together CIV/MIL subject matter experts and practitioners to address relevant and focused topics which impact peacekeeping and stability operations. Participants will take part in theme-related work groups that will present findings/recommendations to a senior leader panel. The discussions across the work groups will be directed toward providing insights, assessments, and recommendations on education, training, and leader development within the community of practice.

Goal: This workshop traditionally brings together trainers, practitioners, planners, and educators from U.S. and international governmental and military organizations, non-governmental organizations, peace and stability training centers, and academic institutions to review training and education efforts in stability and peacekeeping operations to develop recommendations regarding what should be preserved and what should be changed as the community plans for activities in future complex operating environments. The goals for the workshop are:

  • to produce products that can be used to train and educate the joint force and international partners on peace and stability operations (doctrine/exercises/lessons learned, etc.);
  • to provide a forum that addresses the equities of the community of practice ( governmental and non-governmental agencies) and its activities;
  • to foster collaboration between the joint professional military education and academic communities;
  • to inform and support senior leaders, to monitor progress, and to provide feedback on the recommendations over the next year.


Workshop Breakout Groups:

There are six working groups running concurrently. Please indicate the working group you would like to participate in on the registration form. Here is a list of the working groups and the sponsoring organization, followed by a summary describing each of the working groups.

Working Groups:

WG1: Guiding Principles review and broader applicability (USIP: Jim Ruf, Ann Phillips, Kelly Mader; PKSOI: Brooks Schultze (tentative)
WG2: Intelligence to Counter Transnational Organized Crime as a Driver of Conflict and Instability (PKSOI: Diane Chido)
WG3: Identify characteristics of sustainable stability curricula for a pan-agency audience by examining past successes and failures, discussing future policy shifts, and sharing best practices Planning (PKSOI: Bill Flavin, CSO Angela E. Kochukudy )
WG4: Transitional Public Security - The USG Response (PKSOI: Dr. Karen Finkenbinder, COL Robert Dillion ARCIC)
WG5: Develop an updated implementation guide for "The United States National Action Plan on Women, Peace, and Security" of June 2016 (PKSOI: COL Foster)
WG6: Training for Senior Leaders Going Into Advisory Roles (JCISFA: LtCol Achico)

WG1: Guiding Principles review and broader applicability (USIP: Jim Ruf, Ann Phillips, Kelly Mader; PKSOI: Brooks Schultze (tentative)

  • Purpose: Between 2007 and 2010, USIP, PKSOI and partners co-authored three seminal publications to inform the stabilization space. These publications include, the Guiding Principles for Stabilization and Reconstruction, Measuring Progress in Conflict Environments (MPICE), and the Guide to Participants in Peace, Stability, and Relief Operations. Re-publication of revised documents with revisions and additions required by the contemporary environment is under review. USIP is currently collecting survey responses from practitioners and policy makers across the community of practice both in the U.S. and abroad.
    • Working Group 1 invites participants who are familiar with and have used the Guiding Principles for Stabilization and Reconstruction to examine its applicability to prevention and transition environments.
    • The USIP working group will explore the applicability of the existing Guiding Principles for Stabilization and Reconstruction framework to different environments along the conflict spectrum, in particular, pre-conflict and transition environments.
  • Objectives: The working group will use two case studies to assess the need for substantive revisions to existing principles for stabilization and reconstruction; what those revisions should be; additions and/or removal of any principles appropriate to each environment. Somalia will be the case to explore a transition environment: Jordan, to explore a pre-conflict environment.
  • Deliverables:An initial practical review of the Guiding Principles framework as it applies to environments and contexts outside of the scope of the original focus:
    • Through real world test cases, the applicability of the principles will be assessed for consideration in any update to the publication.
    • Draft recommendations for additions and/or removal based on the environment.


WG2: Intelligence to Counter Transnational Organized Crime as a Driver of Conflict and Instability (PKSOI: Diane Chido)

  • Purpose: PSOTEW 2016 working group 3 (WG3) endeavored to identify a method to differentiate between transnational organized crime (TOC) and violent extremist organizations (VEOs). Participants determined that state sponsorship and donations no longer sustain ideological movements and they are funded mainly through criminal activities; therefore, such distinctions are without value. The WG then attempted to develop a methodology to identify observable activities common to criminal groups to enable mitigation strategy development when combined with social network analysis, geospatial analysis and other analytic techniques. The result was a new analytic model called the Basic Activities Identification Template (BAIT). A white paper describing the model, its evolution and application was produced with review and input from WG3.
  • Objectives: PSOTEW17 WG2 will be trained to use the BAIT method using a PKSOI-developed manual to enable PKSOI to polish the training process and materials. WG2 members will then apply BAIT to a number of violent groups to determine how their observable activities can help identify mitigation strategies.
  • Deliverables: A clear demonstration that the current strategy of targeting members and countering ideology is less effective in destabilizing violent groups than focusing on observable criminal activities
    • An expert-tested analytic model for identifying activities of all types of violent groups, which can be used in the peace keeping environment with minimal software and training
    • A training manual and process that can be used in the peace keeping mission area to train low-level analysts to identify destabilizers' activities on which to base effective mitigation strategies


WG 3: Identify characteristics of sustainable stability curricula for a pan-agency audience by examining past successes and failures, discussing future policy shifts, and sharing best practices Planning (PKSOI: Bill Flavin, CSO Angela E. Kochukudy ).

  • Purpose: The United States approach to stabilization continues to shift away from previous whole-of-government/whole-of-society, large-footprint, long-duration efforts toward small-footprint, selective engagements which emphasize the primacy of political solutions and the need to leverage local partner institutions and security capabilities during critical windows of time. As policy, doctrine, and extant practice shift, our educational and training approaches must keep pace. This WG will discuss current and anticipated stabilization challenges and factors for success in order to identify the KSAs for future stabilization curricula.
  • Objectives:
    1. enhance shared understanding of sustainable stability
    2. identify the core components of stabilization training applicable across audiences
    3. develop a list of tools for use in stabilization training, such as exercises, case studies, knowledge, skills, and abilities
    4. outline next steps for design and implementation of curricula
  • Deliverables: Summary of key competencies and gaps and proposed baseline Recommended case studies and exercises (existing or to be developed) Proposed way ahead with stakeholder leads to continue the collaboration


WG4: Transitional Public Security - The USG Response (PKSOI: Dr. Karen Finkenbinder, COL Robert Dillion ARCIC)

  • Purpose: DOD Directive 3000.05 (DRAFT) Stabilization recognizes that DOD's primary stabilization sector responsibility is civil security. JP 3.07 includes Transitional Public Security as a primary task of the military as it transitions to host nation or other competent authority. Transitional Public Security is the military forces' establishment, promotion, restoration and maintenance of public order. Yet, within DOD we are not consistent in our understanding as to what this means and, thus, doctrinal publications and training and education efforts are inconsistent.
  • Objectives: The working group will look at Transitional Public Security, in light of policy, and determine a cogent and consistent DOD approach that is complementary to interagency partners' efforts.
  • Deliverables:
    • A clear understanding of Transitional Public Security (TPS)
    • An agreed upon matrix of knowledge, skills and abilities required to conduct TPS.
    • A common understanding of how TPS efforts fit into the broader police reform efforts led by interagency partners (i.e.: DOS, DOJ, ICE, Coast Guard, etc.)
    • An outline for an ideal Program of Instruction for anyone performing TPS
    • A clear understanding of how TPS fits into broader stability policing efforts (i.e.: NATO, AU).
    • A plan to finish a POI and execute it within the DOD Training and Education system.
    • A plan to create an awareness level POI for civilian police so they understand the military contribution.


WG 5: Develop an updated implementation guide for "The United States National Action Plan on Women, Peace, and Security" of June 2016 (PKSOI: COL Brian Foster)

  • Purpose: The USG is deeply committed to the participation of women in advancing peace and security throughout the world. Consistent with this commitment, in December 2011 the inaugural US National Action Plan on Women, Peace, and Security (WPS) was released to help chart a course for the USG to advance women's inclusion in conflict and insecurity mitigation. In 2016, the National Action Plan was updated to identify areas that call for new or renewed focus. This group will propose congruent updates to DoD implementation guidelines on WPS with the goal of reinforcing USG commitment to the foundational principle that states and societies are more peaceful and prosperous when women are empowered to realize their full potential through full and equal rights and opportunity.
  • Objectives: The working group will produce specific recommendations for updating the DoD implementation guide for WPS as per the June 2016 National Action Plan.
  • Deliverables:
    • Draft/statement of core requirements for updated DoD implementation guide for WPS to replace 2013 guidance
    • Proposed way ahead/schedule of deliverables with stakeholder leads
    • Summary of WG discussion


WG 6: Training for Senior Leaders Going into an Advisory Role - Is there a training & education gap? (JCISFA: LtCol Achico)

  • Purpose: To determine whether there is a training and education gap for senior leaders which causes a negative trickle-down effect to the subordinate activities. The Workgroup will review the alignment of the troop to task mission within the Executive-Generating-Operating function (EGO) construct as a guide. The workgroup will then examine whether the creation of minimum training requirements or a critical examination of the SC/SFA mission and end state will enhance the senior leader training & education and ultimately the conduct of missions. To determine the appropriate training & education requirement for senior leaders the workgroup will seek alignment in a: 1) clear U.S. diplomatic, development, defense mission/endstate; 2) a clear troop-to-task review of the mission to determine the required capability and capacity for U.S. defense efforts; and 3) a clear review of interagency/international support that may inform whether U.S. defense efforts are ineffective or redundant.
  • Objectives: The working group will review a Case Study (or scenario) to determine potential gaps in endstate, planning, or execution and provide recommendations for senior leader identification, training or guidance within the Executive/Generating/Operating function construct.
  • Deliverables:
    • A proposed SC/SFA framework to understand interagency coordination gaps;
    • A recommended structure, policy, procedure for SC/SFA implementation; and
    • Training & Education requirements for particular senior leaders and organizations to implement advising for senior leaders


Work Group Read-Ahead Materials:

Important to the facilitator's pre-workshop efforts is the work group participants' preparation and readiness for such discussions to ensure the goals and outcomes of the workshop are met. The facilitators will be posting limited read-ahead materials on the PSOTEW website as preparation. Please check back periodically as the workshop nears for updated materials.


In an effort to provide an opportunity to share ideas, programs, and curricula, we have established tables and an area for kiosks, displays, laptop presentations and program handouts for you to present details on your respective organizations. There is limited space, so please make arrangements NO LATER THAN March 17, 2017 so we can ensure we provide adequate space and accommodations for your display.

Note: If you plan to utilize this area please notify Mr. Chris Browne (PKSOI) (717-245-4223).


All materials discussed during the PSOTEW will be unclassified.