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DoD Directive 3000.05 STABILIZATION

Team Stabilization,

I am writing to announce the official publication of DoDD 3000.05 - Stabilization on December 13th.  This directive codifies many of the lessons learned on consolidation of military gains over the past 17 years of conflict.  It also incorporates the Stabilization Assistance Review's (SAR) definition of stabilization and identifies DoD's core responsibility during stabilization as support to USG civilian efforts primarily by providing security, maintaining basic public order, and providing for the immediate needs of the population.

This directive aligns with the National Defense Strategy's (NDS) wartime missions and assumption of risk.  It also supports implementation of both the SAR and the Irregular Warfare annex to the NDS when it gets approved. We appreciate your support implementing this important document throughout the Department which will enable DoD to convert tactical victories into strategic objectives and enable the USG to accomplish national security objectives. 

Thank you to the Services, Joint Staff, Combatant Commands, and the interagency team for their valuable feedback and coordination to improve the directive.  In addition, I would like to specifically thank Director Pat Antonietti, Kelly Uribe, COL Aaron Reisinger, COL Jason Taliaferro, Adam Mausner, and Sandy Newtown, past and present members of the SHA stabilization team, for their hard work to make DoDD 3000.05 a reality.

Best and VR, Mark

Mark Swayne

Acting DASD for Stability and Humanitarian Affairs

Office of the Secretary of Defense (Policy)

DoD Directive 3000.05 STABILIZATION

Originating Component: Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy

Effective:  December 13, 2018

Releasability: Cleared for public release. Available on the Directives Division Website at http://www.esd.whs.mil/DD/.

Reissues and Cancels: DoD Instruction 3000.05, “Stability Operations,” September 12, 2009

Approved by: Patrick M. Shanahan, Deputy Secretary of Defense

Purpose: This issuance:

•  Establishes DoD policy and assigns responsibilities for stabilization efforts.
•  Provides guidance for the planning, training, execution, and oversight of stabilization.

February 15, 2019
Operationalizing R2P: An Integrated Approach for the Responsibility to Protect
Operationalizing R2P: An Integrated Approach for the Responsibility to Protect

This paper discusses the two prominent frameworks for the Responsibility to Protect (R2P), which refers to the obligation of states toward their populations and toward all populations at risk of genocide and other mass atrocity crimes. The 2001 R2P report by the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty presented three phases for R2P (prevent, react, rebuild). Subsequently, the United Nations articulated R2P in three pillars (state responsibility to protect, international responsibility to assist a state, and international responsibility to act when a state is unwilling or unable to do so). 

By Dwight Raymond and Annie Su
February 6, 2019
"Bury the Dead, Feed the Living:" The History of Civil Affairs/Military Government in the Mediterranean and European Theaters of Operation during World War II
"Bury the Dead, Feed the Living:" The History of Civil Affairs/Military Government in the Mediterranean and European Theaters of Operation during World War II

Bury the Dead, Feed the Living is more than a history on Civil Affairs; rather, it is a detailed account of how the United States conducted Stability Operations from the shores of Morocco to the mountains of Germany. Dr. Raymond Millen’s book serves as a primer on preparing, organizing and implementing Stability in the course of a conflict.

November 27, 2018
Peace & Stability Journal, Special 25th Anniversary Edition
Peace & Stability Journal, Special 25th Anniversary Edition

1. Strategic Stability Seminar Key Findings 2. Public Order Management 3. State Building versus Nation Building 4. Why Institutionalize Homeland Civil-Military Cooperation 5. Western Sahara Conflict, MINURSO Options 6. Syrian Refugee Impact on European Heroin Crisis 7.  The Challenges of UN Peacekeeping Operations 8. UN Peacekeeping: The Chicken or the Tiger? 9. Book Review: The Women in Blue Helmets 10. Book Review: Women and the War on Boko Haram

August 3, 2018
Peace & Stability Journal, Volume 8, Issue 2
Peace & Stability Journal, Volume 8, Issue 2

What's Inside! Highlights and working group summaries and findings from the 12th annual
Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Training and Education Workshop (PSOTEW) at the U.S. Army War College at Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania.

June 15, 2018
Peace & Stability Journal, Volume 8, Issue 1
Peace & Stability Journal, Volume 8, Issue 1

This issue of the Peace & Stability Journal features a report from the AUSA/PKSOI Annual Panel Discussion Event held at the AUSA Head Quarters building in Arlington Virginia. The theme of the event was AFRICOM: 10 Years in the Making as a Model for Stability.

June 13, 2018
Stability in Multi-Domain Battle
Stability in Multi-Domain Battle

Multi-Domain Battle (MDB) is an operational concept developed by the U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) that describes ground combat operations against sophisticated peer and near-peer threats. In February 2017, TRADOC published a white paper titled “Multi-Domain Battle: Combined Arms for the 21st Century” to initiate the discussion of MDB across the Army and the Joint Force. TRADOC subsequently published a more detailed description of MDB in “Multi-Domain Battle: Evolution of Combined Arms for the 21st Century 2025-2040” along with the new Army Operations doctrinal series (ADP 3-0, ADRP 3-0, and FM 3-0) in October 2017.1 These documents are designed “promote thought and discussion concerning the methods and capabilities required to confront sophisticated adversaries” as well as “to inform further concept development, wargaming, experimentation, and capability development.

June 5, 2018
Stabilization: A New Approach to Whole of Government Operational Planning and Execution
Stabilization: A New Approach to Whole of Government Operational Planning and Execution

The United States has a compelling national security interest to promote stability in select fragile and conflict-affected states.  Such an operational environment is complex and requires a whole-of-U.S. Government response, coupled with non-governmental and international partners and supported by the affected nation to achieve their own national goals.  Since 1947, the national security system has struggled to handle effectively the range and complexity of the existing global threats and opportunities.

March 16, 2018
2017-2018 Civil Affairs Issue Papers: Civil Affairs: A Force for Consolidating Gains
2017-2018 Civil Affairs Issue Papers: Civil Affairs: A Force for Consolidating Gains

The issue of the role of Civil Affairs in consolidation activities – across all phases and in particular the human domain – was the main focus of the opening workshop. MG Sonntag noted how timely this event was given how Secretary of Defense James Mattis and National Security Advisor Lt. Gen. H.R. McMaster (the 2015 Symposium keynote speaker) see the increased need to consolidate military and security gains into political and civil outcomes.

March 13, 2018
Program Management Approach to Stability Operations
Program Management Approach to Stability Operations

This monograph explores how and why to pursue the integrated program management function as a means to improve the effectiveness of stability operations. Section 1 of the analysis defines a traditional military approach to stability operations and a traditional program management approach. Section 2 juxtaposes stability operations with program management to showcase already-existing similarities. Section 3 applies four program management domains to stability operations to demonstrate potential benefits. Section 4 highlights how the application of program management functions to stability operations is compatible with the interagency approach. Lastly, Section 5 discusses Army Acquisition Corps capabilities that the Army can modify to perform this role.

January 19, 2018
Stability Operations in Kosovo 1999-2000: A Case Study
Stability Operations in Kosovo 1999-2000: A Case Study

This case study examines the intervention and stability operations in Kosovo from March 24, 1999 through approximately 2 years thereafter. Set during the dissolution of the former Yugoslavia and preceded by ethnic carnage in Bosnia, Croatia, and elsewhere, the intervention, named Operation ALLIED FORCE, was executed in order to protect Kosovars of Albanian descent from the ethnic cleansing of the Serbian leaders of the remaining federation of Yugoslavia.