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Peace Operations Estimates, Themes, and Topics (POET2)

Global Trends

The Peace Operations Estimates, Themes, and Topics (POET2) are a 15-20 page overview of selected peace operation missions and organizations. They also include selected organizational estimates (i.e. United Nations Peace Operations Organization), and Political Missions (i.e. Columbia, Burundi, Libya).

They are unclassified, open source, easily digestible and accessible. They are intended to provide a comprehensive summary of the actors, issues, and considerations of various global peace activities.

The POET2s are updated quarterly or semi-annually, depending on type, and after a revised mandate is in place.

November 7, 2017
United Nations Mission for Justice Support in Haiti (MINUJUSTH)

In April 2017, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) extended the MINUSTAH mandate until October 2017 with UN Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 2350 (2017).The mission maintained its authorized troop strength for that period of time, but was expected to initiate drawdown procedures and transition activities with a smaller mission, United Nations Mission for Justice Support in Haiti, or MINUJUSTH. MINUJUSTH’s mandate will be reviewed in April 2018.

September 12, 2017
United Nations African Union Hybrid Mission in Darfur

Established in 2007, UNAMID is among the largest of the world’s peacekeeping missions. It was created after four years of conflict between rebels and the Khartoum government. While Darfur’s stability has improved in the last few years, some areas in Darfur (such as Jebel Marra) remain unstable. Despite this continued instability, UNAMID was reduced in size in its June 2017 mandate revision [UN Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 2363(2017)].

June 5, 2017
United Nations Operation in Côte d'Ivoire

After thirteen years, the UNOCI Mission formally concludes on 30 June 2017. The redeployment of the Mission forces began last year and was complete by February 2017. The civilian staff completed its withdrawal by April 2017.

The UNOCI conclusion marks “the most recent successful completion of a peacekeeping operation in West Africa since the UN mission in Sierra Leone in 2005.” However, some remind observers that the UNOCI fulfillment also marks the most recent successful completion of any UN peacekeeping mission—regardless of geography.

June 5, 2017
United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP)

The Republic of Cyprus, and its northern area under the control of “Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" ("TRNC"), may be in the midst of a “once-in-a-generation opportunity” to resolve its political disagreements and reunite. However, some observers suggest the ongoing negotiations will falter, yet again, because “if Afghanistan is the graveyard of empires, then Cyprus is the graveyard of diplomacy.”

The recent negotiations began two years ago, with a vision of a two-part federation. Yet there remains significant issues, such as post-reunification security arrangements and land and property dispute resolutions.

April 12, 2017
United Nations Support Mission in Libya

Libya remains in chaos as a failed state since the 2011 uprising against then-leader, Muammar al-Qadhafi, supported by a military intervention led by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and endorsed by the United Nations (UN). Recent political dialogue intended to re-start efforts at national government cohesion have yet to resolve any of the current disputes that prevent further progress on the December 2015 Libyan Political Agreement (LPA), the plan to govern post-Qadhafi Libya.

March 28, 2017
Burundi Crisis (2015-Present)

Only two years ago, many observers considered Burundi a successful model of a modern democratic nation in Africa. However, in the spring of 2015, President Pierre Nkurunziza announced his intention to campaign for a third-term (five years) in office, which spurred the conflict of the past two years. The discord, which rapidly devolved from peaceful demonstrations to violence, is predominately polarized between the supporters of the President and a disjointed, multi-faceted opposition.