Peace Operations Estimates, Themes, and Topics (POET2)
The Peace Operations Estimates, Themes, and Topics (POET2) are a 15-20 page overview of selected peace operation missions and organizations. They also include selected organizational estimates (i.e. United Nations Peace Operations Organization), and Political Missions (i.e. Columbia, Burundi, Libya).
They are unclassified, open source, easily digestible and accessible. They are intended to provide a comprehensive summary of the actors, issues, and considerations of various global peace activities.
The POET2s are updated quarterly or semi-annually, depending on type, and after a revised mandate is in place.
- May 16, 2017
- United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei
Conflict in the Abyei region is at least a half-century old, and certainly predates the independence of South Sudan from the Republic of the Sudan--although some observers also suggest the oil-rich Abyei region was the “flash point” for the conflict that led to the separation of those States.
The Abyei Area Administration was established on 31 August 2008, permitting its citizens to be simultaneously members of the states of South Kurdufan (Republic of the Sudan) and Northern Bahr el Ghazal (South Sudan) until a referendum was held in 2011. However, the Administration has not yet been fully implemented, nor did the referendum occur as planned.
- April 18, 2017
- United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti and United Nations Mission for Justice Support in Haiti
The new president of Haiti, Jovenel Moïse, was inaugurated on February 7, 2017, for a term of five (5) years. He is the first democratically-elected Haitian president in several years, having endured a two year election process that was impacted by accusations of fraud, corruption, and natural disaster. The remainder of the new government was sworn in on March 21, 2017. Both the new president and the new prime minister—and many of the new Cabinet—have negligible political expertise.
- April 12, 2017
- United Nations Support Mission in Libya
Libya remains in chaos as a failed state since the 2011 uprising against then-leader, Muammar al-Qadhafi, supported by a military intervention led by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and endorsed by the United Nations (UN). Recent political dialogue intended to re-start efforts at national government cohesion have yet to resolve any of the current disputes that prevent further progress on the December 2015 Libyan Political Agreement (LPA), the plan to govern post-Qadhafi Libya.
- April 1, 2017
- African Union Mission in Somalia and United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia
Despite the recent election of a new president, Somalia remains one of the most fragile states in the world. It is vulnerable to terrorism and criminal entities, activities, and enterprises as well as crippling food insecurity and displaced persons.
- March 31, 2017
- United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Peace in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) remains precarious, with several indications of genocide and/or civil war in the past six months, and a recent surge of violence that suggests “a dramatic escalation of conflict.” Considered corrupt by many observers, the incumbent president, Joseph Kabila, continues to flouting the law in order to remain in power.
- March 28, 2017
- Burundi Crisis (2015-Present)
Only two years ago, many observers considered Burundi a successful model of a modern democratic nation in Africa. However, in the spring of 2015, President Pierre Nkurunziza announced his intention to campaign for a third-term (five years) in office, which spurred the conflict of the past two years. The discord, which rapidly devolved from peaceful demonstrations to violence, is predominately polarized between the supporters of the President and a disjointed, multi-faceted opposition.
- February 1, 2017
- United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan
The civil war in South Sudan remains one of the most complex. In just the past three years, more than three million South Sudanese civilians were displaced due to the violence, which includes more than 340,000 to Uganda in the recent six months.
The Republic of South Sudan gained formal independence in 2011 from Sudan. Within two years it was immersed in a civil war. The conflict erupted in December 2013 between President Salva Kiir and his First Vice-President Riek Machar, whom Kiir accused of planning a coup.