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Peace Operations Estimates, Themes, and Topics (POET2)

Global Trends

The Peace Operations Estimates, Themes, and Topics (POET2) are a 15-20 page overview of selected peace operation missions and organizations. They also include selected organizational estimates (i.e. United Nations Peace Operations Organization), and Political Missions (i.e. Columbia, Burundi, Libya).

They are unclassified, open source, easily digestible and accessible. They are intended to provide a comprehensive summary of the actors, issues, and considerations of various global peace activities.

The POET2s are updated quarterly or semi-annually, depending on type, and after a revised mandate is in place.

April 1, 2017
African Union Mission in Somalia and United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia

Despite the recent election of a new president, Somalia remains one of the most fragile states in the world. It is vulnerable to terrorism and criminal entities, activities, and enterprises as well as crippling food insecurity and displaced persons.

March 31, 2017
United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Peace in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) remains precarious, with several indications of genocide and/or civil war in the past six months, and a recent surge of violence that suggests “a dramatic escalation of conflict.” Considered corrupt by many observers, the incumbent president, Joseph Kabila, continues to flouting the law in order to remain in power.

March 28, 2017
Burundi Crisis (2015-Present)

Only two years ago, many observers considered Burundi a successful model of a modern democratic nation in Africa. However, in the spring of 2015, President Pierre Nkurunziza announced his intention to campaign for a third-term (five years) in office, which spurred the conflict of the past two years. The discord, which rapidly devolved from peaceful demonstrations to violence, is predominately polarized between the supporters of the President and a disjointed, multi-faceted opposition.

February 1, 2017
United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan

The civil war in South Sudan remains one of the most complex. In just the past three years, more than three million South Sudanese civilians were displaced due to the violence, which includes more than 340,000 to Uganda in the recent six months.

The Republic of South Sudan gained formal independence in 2011 from Sudan. Within two years it was immersed in a civil war. The conflict erupted in December 2013 between President Salva Kiir and his First Vice-President Riek Machar, whom Kiir accused of planning a coup.