Peace Operations Estimates, Themes, and Topics (POET2)
The Peace Operations Estimates, Themes, and Topics (POET2) are a 15-20 page overview of selected peace operation missions and organizations. They also include selected organizational estimates (i.e. United Nations Peace Operations Organization), and Political Missions (i.e. Columbia, Burundi, Libya).
They are unclassified, open source, easily digestible and accessible. They are intended to provide a comprehensive summary of the actors, issues, and considerations of various global peace activities.
The POET2s are updated quarterly or semi-annually, depending on type, and after a revised mandate is in place.
- December 15, 2017
- MINUSCA and UNOCA Peace Operations Estimate
Although the 2016 elections were peaceful and President Faustin Archange Touadéra’s new government was confirmed, Central African Republic (CAR) remains one of the ten “most fragile” states, ranking third on the 2017 index. Almost two years since the installation of the new government, and over three years after its activation, MINUSCA is still struggling to have a significant impact on the situation. In October 2017, the UN Secretary General reported:
- December 4, 2017
- United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei
The Abyei Area Administration was established to permit its citizens to be simultaneously members of the states of South Kurdufan (Republic of the Sudan) and Northern Bahr el Ghazal (South Sudan) until a projected referendum could be conducted following South Sudan’s independence. However, the referendum did not occur as planned, nor has the Administration been fully implemented to date. Instead, when violence increased along the disputed borders, the United Nations mission, UNISFA, was established for “demilitarizing and monitoring peace.
- December 1, 2017
- G5 Sahel's Force Conjointe des Etats du G5 Sahel (FC-G5S)
The five African nations of Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, and Niger formed the G5 Sahel (G5-S) in 2014 for the stated purpose of strengthening cooperation on development and security in the region. The organization works together to identify priority investment projects and seek sources of international financing, focusing on areas such as infrastructure, food security, agriculture and pastoralism as well as terrorist threats and other security concerns.
- November 7, 2017
- United Nations Mission for Justice Support in Haiti (MINUJUSTH)
In April 2017, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) extended the MINUSTAH mandate until October 2017 with UN Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 2350 (2017).The mission maintained its authorized troop strength for that period of time, but was expected to initiate drawdown procedures and transition activities with a smaller mission, United Nations Mission for Justice Support in Haiti, or MINUJUSTH. MINUJUSTH’s mandate will be reviewed in April 2018.
- September 12, 2017
- United Nations African Union Hybrid Mission in Darfur
Established in 2007, UNAMID is among the largest of the world’s peacekeeping missions. It was created after four years of conflict between rebels and the Khartoum government. While Darfur’s stability has improved in the last few years, some areas in Darfur (such as Jebel Marra) remain unstable. Despite this continued instability, UNAMID was reduced in size in its June 2017 mandate revision [UN Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 2363(2017)].
- February 10, 2017
- United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic and United Nations Regional Office for Central Africa
Although the February 2016 elections were peaceful and President Faustin-Archange Touadéra’s new government was confirmed, Central African Republic (CAR) remains one of the ten “most fragile” states, ranking third on the 2016 index. Almost a year since the installation of the new government, and over two years after its activation, MINUSCA is still struggling to have a significant impact on the situation.
- July 10, 2017
- United Nations Multidimensional Stabilization Mission in Mali
The peace process in Mali is at a critical juncture. Notwithstanding some progress made over the past 18 months since the signing of the peace agreement, the signatory parties continue to disagree on key interim measures, thus stalling the process for all other provisions. Although the peace process is complex and challenging, it behooves the signatory parties to act promptly and decisively to fulfil their obligations to the Malian people.
- July 6, 2017
- United Nations Disengagement Observer Force (Golan Heights)
The ongoing mandate review by the United States (US) Ambassador to the UN suggests a refocus on political solutions to ongoing peace operations. Implied in such “cost-cutting” discussions is the perception of failure of long-term missions such as UNDOF. Yet most observers suggest that UNDOF achieved success—and continues to maintain it—in that Syria and Israel have not resumed open warfare in the past four decades, despite the provocations of the greater regional transnational terrorism and the Syrian internal conflict. Perhaps in part an acknowledgement of this success, this operating year’s UN expense plan saw the UNDOF budget increased by over 30%, in order to facilitate the peacekeepers’ return to Syrian (Bravo) observation positions that were abandoned after the attacks on peacekeepers in 2013 and 2014.
- June 7, 2017
- United Nations Mission in Colombia
In December 2016, the western hemisphere’s longest insurgency in modern history (52 years) came to a close with the Colombian Congress’ approval of a revised peace deal between the government and the Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia-Ejército del Pueblo (FARC-EP, or simply FARC).
- June 5, 2017
- United Nations Operation in Côte d'Ivoire
After thirteen years, the UNOCI Mission formally concludes on 30 June 2017. The redeployment of the Mission forces began last year and was complete by February 2017. The civilian staff completed its withdrawal by April 2017.
The UNOCI conclusion marks “the most recent successful completion of a peacekeeping operation in West Africa since the UN mission in Sierra Leone in 2005.” However, some remind observers that the UNOCI fulfillment also marks the most recent successful completion of any UN peacekeeping mission—regardless of geography.